Date posted: March 18, 2011

Cotija Cheese

Categories: Food , Goat | 6 Comments

After trying my hand at a Queso Asadero, which is supposed to be similar to mozzarella in texture (but came out a queso blanco) I realized I needed to know a bit more before attempting a harder cheese that takes time to develop. I did not want to risk wasting precious goat’s milk. So I attended a cheese party at Pineheaven Farm. This was definitely helpful. Thus, I tried a Mexican cheese called Cotija. This cheese is a very salty cheese crumbled atop tacos, beans, enchiladas, corn, soups. Pretty much sprinkle it on anything you want to accent with a salty creamy garnish. Cotija is traditionally made with cows milk. It was created  in Cotija, Michoacán in Central Mexico.

Moderately Challenging

Things you’ll need
– 1 gallon milk
– Large cooking pot
– Cooking thermometer
– 1/2 ml calcium chloride
– 1 thermophilic bacteria culture tablet
– Electric mixer
– 1/2 cup salt
– 1 rennet tablet (or 1/4 tsp rennet liquid in 1/4 c. water)
– 3 to 4 tbsp. cool water
– Cheesecloth
– Cheese press
– 1 1/2 cups salt
– 1 qt. warm water


Warm the milk in the cooking pot to 100 F. Once the milk is warmed, add the calcium chloride and bacteria culture tablet. Keep the mixture at a constant temperature of 100 F through the end of Step 3.

Stir the mixture for 20 minutes by hand or at medium speed using your mixer. After 20 minutes, add 1/2 cup salt.

Dissolve the rennet tablet in the cool water. Slowly add this to the milk mixture, allowing the mixer to stir the milk mixture for another 5 to 10 minutes. Remove the mixture from heat.

Allow the mixture to rest for 45 to 90 minutes. After resting, the mixture will have solidified to a soft curd. Break the mixture into smaller curds, about 1-inch cubes, using your hands, a knife, a spoon, or whatever works for you. Let the curds rest for another 10 minutes.

Pour the mixture through a cheesecloth to remove the whey (the watery mixture in which the curds are floating).

Place the drained cheese into a cheese press, and press for 30 minutes. Then, flip the cheese in the press, and press for another 12 hours. This removes any excess moisture and allows the cheese to harden.

It shrank more and I placed it in a 48 oz tub that I had skewered lots of holes in. I placed the tub atop a rack and in a pan to collect the whey.

When the curds shrank more in the tub, I added a weight to press. It worked but did not give an even shape.

Prepare a brine solution of 1 1/2 cups salt in 1 quart of warm water. Allow the solution to cool to room temperature.

Carefully remove the cheese from the press (it will still be soft). Soak the cheese in the brine for 30 hours, flipping the cheese every 10 hours to encourage rind development. The rind is the hard coating on the outside of cheese.

Remove the cheese from the brine, and place in your refrigerator for 2 weeks to allow it to ripen. Check the cheese for mold. If any mold grows on the rind simply wipe it away with a paper towel or cloth. Do not wrap the cheese while it ripens or it will not ripen properly.

Store the cheese in an airtight container once it has ripened.

Results: The texture is more smooth and creamy and less crumbly. However, we did get it to crumble on food. While the flavor of Cotija normally has a pungent saltiness, this batch is saltier than I’d prefer. Edible but very salty. This is likely due to the fact that I used Morton table salt instead of kosher salt. So the grains are finer and the quantity more concentrated. I did cut back on some of the salt anticipating this but I could have cut back even more…or just use kosher. Though I think the brine could be 1 c. of salt only. Lastly, the shape was funky. I need a cheese press. All in all, I like it and am more confident in my cheese making. However, as I mentioned Cotija is traditionally a cow’s milk cheese. To be most correct with the Mexican goat’s milk cheeses, my next attempt will be with an Añejo.


  1. Rachel @ DIF

    Awesome! I’m looking at purchasing a cheese press from Hoegger Goat Supply. So far they have the best priced ones.

  2. AlizaEss

    I tried my hand at cheesemaking once but when the cheese didn’t set I had to pour the milk down the drain. I’m nervous to try it and have to waste that much milk again! But it would be awesome to have access to cotija cheese. I dream about the half pound of cotija I got to buy in San Francisco, it’s so much harder to find here on the East Coast. Thanks for the recipe!

  3. Garrett

    Where did you get thermophilic bacteria culture tablets?

  4. Esperanza

    Hi Garrett,
    I have a few choices for acquiring thermophilic bacteria. I asked around to friends. Also, I know Farm Curious can order some. Oak Barrel Winecraft in Berkeley, CA also tends to carry some. Let me know what you are looking to do specifically. Maybe I can help.

  5. Shannon Olson

    Hi, nice feature on New England Cheese making. Looks very good!!

  6. esperanza

    Shannon: Thanks! I like your recipe blog, North Dakota Kitchen, and think its great you have a Gluten Free section.

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